Friday, January 20, 2012

Development of Programming Languages

Programming language development began in 1949 with the presence of Short Code, the first computer programming language used in electronic computer equipment. It remains to be programming language manual (hand compiled). In 1951, Grace Hopper, who worked at Remington Rand began working to design a compiler that is named A-0. In 1957, the programming language was later released by the Rand with the name of the Math-matic.  
Then Alick E. Glennie, in his spare time at the University of Manchester, managed to create a programming system called AUTOCODE in 1952. About five years later dirilislah mathematical Formula Translating (FORTRAN), and became one of the programming language that is easy to use in that year. FORTRAN was created by a team led by John Backus, who then also have a contribution in making the programming language ALGOL. A year later, FORTRAN II appeared capable of running the command language subroutines and a connection to the assembly. And, in the same year also released ALGOL programming language. In 1960 appeared ALGOL 60. Pemrogramana language is very popular in Europe in the mid-1960s. In 1962, APL (A Programming Language) was released by Kenneth Iverson. The same year also released FORTRAN IV. Programming language development continued with the advent of consecutive APL/360 and PL / 1 in 1964, SNOBOL3 in 1965, FORTRAN 66 and 2 in 1966 LISP, SNOBOL 4 in 1967, ALGOL 68, ALTRAN, and COBOL. In 1975, Bob Albrecht and Dennis Allison released Tiny BASIC. In the same year, Bill Gates and Paul Allen released the BASIC that they sell to MITS (Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems). Subsequent years, several new programming languages ​​appeared. Among AWK, released in 1978; Smalltalk-80, Modula-2, Franz LISP in 1980, and ISO Pascal as well as PostScript, released in 1982. In 1983 you released a programming language.


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